Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP)

Military pay, including active duty pay and allowances and retired pay, stops upon a Soldier's death. The Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP) is a program through which the Department of Defense provides monthly, cost-of-living-adjusted income to eligible survivors of Soldiers who die on Active Duty, including Reserve Soldiers and National Guard Soldiers who die on Federal Active Duty, and of Retirees who choose to continue participating in the program after they retire.

Soldiers who retire due to a service-connected disability incurred while on active duty, whether Regular or Reserve, may participate in SBP.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers may participate in the Reserve Component-Survivor Benefit Plan (RCSBP) when they complete 20 years of qualifying service for non-regular retirement.

The following table illustrates which program applies to whom, depending on one's duty status and retirement eligibility:

 

Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP) Eligibility

Regular Army on active duty

SBP. Benefits calculated as if retired with 100% disability. Death must be in Line of Duty unless retirement-eligible If retirement eligible and LOD Not In Line of Duty, benefits based on years of active service.

Regular Army retired

SBP, if they enroll upon retirement. Line of Duty determination not applicable.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers in non-drilling status with less than 20 years of service

No SBP or RCSBP.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers on Inactive Duty Training

RCSBP. Benefits calculated based on points earned as of date of death. Death must be in Line of Duty. If retirement eligible and LOD Not In Line of Duty, benefits based on years of active service.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers on Federal Active Duty, regardless of years of service

SBP. Benefits calculated as if retired with 100% disability. Death must be in Line of Duty. If retirement eligible and LOD Not In Line of Duty, benefits based on years of active service.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers in non-drilling status with at least 20 years of service

RCSBP. Only if they enrolled with Option B or Option C when they received 20-Year Letter; or received the 20 year letter, are within the 90 day period, but have not made an RCSBP election; or should have received a 20 year letter. Death does not need to be in Line of Duty.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers at age 60 who had enrolled in RCSBP with Options B or C

At age 60 RCSBP for non-regular Reserve Retirees becomes SBP. Line of Duty determination not applicable.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers at age 60 who had not enrolled in RCSBP (elected Option A)

SBP. Only if they enroll in SBP upon receipt of retired pay. Line of Duty determination not applicable.

Reserve and National Guard Soldiers over age 60 who had not enrolled in either RCSBP or SBP

No SBP or RCSBP.