Army Reserve: Active Duty
Benefit Fact Sheet
In most cases, Soldiers who have completed 20 years of active service are eligible to receive Retired Pay at the end of their career. The Date of Initial Entry into Military Service (DIEMS) determines which of the three retirement systems a Soldier falls under. Retired Pay amount and requirements depend on whether a Soldier qualifies for active duty retired pay or non-regular retired pay (Reserve Component).
Reserve Soldiers must meet the following minimum requirements to be eligible for non-Regular Retired Pay:
- have served at least 20 years of qualifying service (see Benefit Highlights), and
- Soldiers who completed the years of qualifying service on or after 5 October 1994, but before 25 April 2005, the last 6 years of qualifying service must have been in a component other than a regular component, the Fleet Reserve, or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve.
- Soldiers who completed the years of qualifying service on or after 25 April 2005, there is no minimum reserve component service requirement.
- The service required above does not need to be continuous years of qualifying service.
- not be entitled to retired pay from an armed force, under any other provision of law other than as outlined in 10 United States Code Section 12741
- be at least 60 years of age (or subject to reduction of age for receipt of retired pay- see Benefit Highlights*), and
- must apply for retired pay by submitting an application to Human Resource Command Ft. Knox, KY
A Soldier in the Army Reserve must have completed 20 years of qualifying service to be eligible for non-regular retired pay at age 60. A qualifying year is a complete year in which a Soldier has earned a minimum of 50 retirement points.
A Soldier earns points for inactive duty for training (IDT), active duty for training (ADT), active duty, Reserve membership, and equivalent instruction, as follows:
- One point is earned for each day of active service (active duty and active duty for training)
- 15 points for each year as a Soldier (based on a calendar year from the date the Soldier joins the Army (e.g., 31 March-30 March)
- One point for each unit training assembly
- One point for every three hours of satisfactory completion of accredited correspondance courses
In a given year a Soldier may earn up to 365 total points (366 for a leap year), however, only 130 of those points can come from inactive duty (for retirement years ending prior to September 23, 1996 to total is reduced to 60 inactive points; for retirement years ending between September 23, 1996 and October 29, 2000 the total points is reduced to 75; for retirement years ending between October 30, 2000 and October 29, 2007 the total points is reduced to 90).
Non-regular Retired pay under the Reserve system is computed by totaling all points earned during a Soldier's career, dividing by 360 (one year) and then multiplying by 2.5 percent to determine the benefit multiplier. The multiplier is then applied to the Soldier's basic pay rate or "high-three" year average at the time the retirement request is made. For example, a Soldier who retires after 24 years of service (YOS) with a total of 3,600 points will receive 25 percent of their "high-three" average basic pay for retirement (3,600/360 x 2.5=25%).
The minimum number of points to be eligible for retirement at the age of 60 with 20 qualifying years of service is 1,000 (50 points per year) with a corresponding retirement pay equal to 6.94 percent (1,000/360 x 2.5=6.94%) of basic pay.
Note: Soldiers who separate or are discharged before age 60 will be credited for basic pay purposes only with the years of qualifying service performed up until the discharge. Soldiers who transfer to the Retired Reserve until age 60 will receive credit (for basic pay purposes only) for the years spent in the Retired Reserve.
*Reserve Component Soldiers may qualify for retired pay prior to age 60 under NDAA 2008. Section 647 reduces the age for receipt of retired pay by three months for each aggregate of 90 days of "specified duty' performed in any fiscal year after the date the bill became law (January 28, 2008). "Specified duty" includes active duty (excluding active duty for training) or "active service" under Title 10 USC Sections 688, 12301(a), 12301(d), 12302, 12304, 12305, and 12306 and Title 32 USC, Section 502(f), if responding to a national emergency declared by the President or supported by federal funds. Retired pay eligibility age cannot be reduced below age 50, however, eligibility for retiree health care benefits remains at age 60.
Temporary Early Retirement Authority (TERA): The Temporary Early Retirement Authority (TERA) provides the Secretary of the Army temporary authority (1993 through 2001 and again 2012 through 2018) to offer retirement after completion of 15 years of active service in order to provide additional force management flexibility during times of significant drawdown of forces. The TERA retirement formula is: YOS x 2 ½ % x retired pay base with result reduced by 1% for each year short of 20 YOS.
Access the MyArmyBenefits calculator to calculate your retirement pay: http://myarmybenefits.us.army.mil/Home/Benefit_Calculators/Retirement.html
For more detailed information on retirement pay, please visit Army Retirement Services Office (RSO) at:
Army Human Resources Command web site:
Defense Finance and Accounting Service site at:
If you are not a Soldier currently in active status and cannot access the MyBenefits feature on the MyArmyBenefits website, the following links to other DoD retirement pay calculators are provided for your reference:
Final Pay Retirement Pay Calculator: http://militarypay.defense.gov/retirement/calc/01_finalpay.html
High 3 Retirement Pay Calculator: http://militarypay.defense.gov/retirement/calc/02_highthree.html
REDUX Retirement Pay Calculator: http://militarypay.defense.gov/retirement/calc/03_redux.html
Reserve Retirement Pay Calculator: https://www.hrc.army.mil/Calculators/RetirementCalc.aspx
Office of the Secretary of Defense, Military Compensation website:
Document Review Date: 21 September 2012