Reserve Education Assistance Program (REAP)

Army Reserve: Active Duty

Benefit Fact Sheet

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Summary:

Reserve Educational Assistance Program (REAP) (Chapter 1607 of Title 10 US Code) is a Department of Defense education program that provides up to 36 months of education assistance to members of the reserve components - Selected Reserves (SELRES) and Individual Ready Reserve - who are ordered to active duty in response to a war or national emergency (contingency operation) as declared by the President or Congress.

Note: The National Defense Authorization Act of 2016 ended REAP on November 25, 2015. Some individuals will remain eligible for REAP benefits until November 25, 2019, while others are no longer eligible for REAP benefits.

The Post-9/11 GI Bill in many ways has replaced REAP because it also provides educational assistance benefits for Reserve and National Guard members called to active duty on or after September 11, 2001, and in many cases provides a greater benefit than REA

 

Eligibility:

The National Defense Authorization Act of 2016 ended REAP on November 25, 2015. Some individuals will remain eligible for REAP benefits until November 25, 2019, while others are no longer eligible for REAP benefits.

This change affects beneficiaries differently:

  • Current REAP beneficiaries -- Veterans who were attending an educational institution on November 24, 2015, or during the last semester, quarter, or term ending prior to that date, are eligible to continue to receive REAP benefits until November 25, 2019.
  • REAP beneficiaries not attending school -- Veterans who applied for REAP but were not attending an educational institution on November 24, 2015, or during the last semester, quarter, or term ending prior to that date, are no longer eligible to receive REAP benefits. You may be eligible to receive benefits under the Post-9/11 GI Bill.
  • New REAP applicants - Veterans who have not enrolled in school and applied for REAP benefits prior to November 25, 2015, are no longer eligible for REAP benefits. However, in most cases, you will be eligible for the Post-9/11 GI Bill.

You may be eligible for Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits depending on the dates of your periods of service. If we receive a new application for REAP on or after November 25, 2015, we will evaluate your eligibility for all programs, including Post-9/11 GI Bill, and may award you benefits under a different program.

If you're using REAP but would like to learn how to make an irrevocable election to use the Post-9/11 GI Bill instead, please call us at 1-888-GIBILL-1 (7 a.m. - 6 p.m. CST Monday - Friday) to speak with an Education Call Center Agent.

Benefit Highlights:

Approved training under REAP includes college or university degree programs, vocational programs, independent study or distance learning programs, correspondence courses, flight training, on-the-job training and apprenticeship programs, licensing and certification test reimbursement, and entrepreneurship courses. A 48 entitlement month limitation applies when combining two or more education programs.

The educational assistance allowance payable under REAP is a percentage of the Montgomery GI Bill- 3 year Active Duty rate based on the total number of active duty days in support of a contingency operation since 9-11-2001. Persons released before 90 days for a disability receive the 40% rate. The current full-time rate in the following table is the rate for full-time institutional training under REAP.

Member Serves

% of 3 Yr. Rate

Monthly Full-Time Rate effective 1 October 2014

90 days but less than 1 year

40%

$686.80

1 year but less than 2 years

60%

$1,030.20

2 or more continuous years or 3 or more aggregate years.

80%

$1,373.66

If you use REAP while on active duty, VA can pay you whichever is less:

  • The monthly rate based on tuition fees for your courses (if on duty); or
  • Your maximum monthly REAP rate (basic rate plus any "kicker" you may qualify for)

Reduced rates will apply for correspondence, apprenticeship / OJT, and some additional types of training.

A member called or ordered to active service while serving in the Selected Reserve remains entitled to benefits under REAP only by continuing to serve in the Selected Reserve. A member called or ordered to active service from the IRR remains entitled to benefits under REAP by continuing to serve in the Ready Reserve (either SEL RES or IRR).

Disabled Soldiers who are injured or have an illness or disease incurred or aggravated in the line of duty and are released from active service before completing 90 consecutive days are also eligible.

Buy-up Provision (New 2008): This provision allows Soldiers to pay an additional amount of money up to $600 to increase their monthly payout rate (up to an additional $150 per month). Soldiers must be members of the Ready Reserve to pay the $600 buy up, but do not need to be on active duty. For a listing of the increased monthly rates click here.

How to Apply

You can apply for REAP Chapter 1607 by filling out VA Form 22-1990, Application for Education Benefits. Indicate on the form you are applying for REAP. You can also apply online through the VA website listed below.

To select the option buy-up provision, Soldiers need to complete DD Form 2366-1, annotating at the top of the form, "REAP Chapter 1607 Buy Up in accordance with NDAA 08." Payment can be made to the Defense Finance and Accounting Services (DFAS) or to any Defense Military Pay Office (DMPO) or DOD finance office. Soldiers should receive a copy of DD 1131, Cash Collection Voucher, for proof of payment. The VA will accept copies of the DD 2366-1 and DD 1131 when applying for REAP Chapter 1607 benefits. Provide the VA Regional Processing Office a copy of your Mobilized DD214 when applying for the benefit.

Additional Information:

For more information, please visit the REAP webpage maintained by VA:
http://www.benefits.va.gov/gibill/reap.asp

To view the current rates visit the following page maintained by the VA:
http://www.benefits.va.gov/GIBILL/resources/benefits_resources/rates/ch1607/ch1607rates100114.asp

For additional information on the program from the Army HRC web site (requires AKO login):
https://www.hrc.army.mil/site/protect/Reserve/soldierservices/pay/mgib-1607.htm

For additional information on the program from the Army HRC web site (does not require AKO login):
https://www.hrc.army.mil/TAGD/Reserve%20Educational%20Assistance%20Program%20REAP%20Chapter%201607


Document Review Date: 29 August 2016